Using this Keyword Example Java

this Keyword Java

"this" keyword refers an object, to say, the current object. Observe the following program and pay attention to this.salary.

public class Officer3 
  int salary;
  public void display(int salary)
    this.salary = salary;
  public static void main(String args[])
    Officer3 o1 = new Officer3();
    System.out.println(o1.salary);     // 5000
this Keyword Java
Output screen of

In the display() method, local variable and the instance variable are same, salary. That is, local variable clashes with instance variable. If "this" is removed in display() method, o1.salary in the main() method prints 0. "this" refers the object o1 as with o1 the display() method is called. Now we can make one rule, if a method is called with an object, the instance variables inside the method are linked with the object implicitly. Now, this.salary becomes o1.salary internally and one memory location is created. If "this" is removed, both salaries are treated as local variables and thereby the compiler does not create any memory location. Use always "this" keyword to differentiate a local from instance variable when they clash. C++ people, call "this keyword" as "this pointer".

Explanation on parameters passing to method is available at Three Great Principles – Data Binding, Data Hiding, Encapsulation.

14 thoughts on “Using this Keyword Example Java”

  1. very intresting site..
    i was verp weak in java
    but reading this site getting more benefit..
    thank you nageshewar sir..

  2. Sir please can u explain the below line as i am not understanding it…???

    “this” refers the object o1 as with o1 the display() method is called.

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